Valued added tax is a kind of consumption tax only on the valued added to a product. It is collected by the seller of the product.

This form of taxation is found in almost all countries in the world, though USA has no federal VAT, as the VAT varies from the different states.

## Calculating the total price, including VAT

The total price of a product, including VAT, is given by:

Since VAT is a persentage, it must be written as a decimal number in the formula. For instance, the VAT of UK, which is 20 %, must be written as 0.20 in the formula.

Example
The price of a product is £400, excluding VAT. What is the price when a customer buys it in a shop. (VAT = 20%)

## Calculating the price, excluding VAT

The price of product excluding VAT is given by:

Example:
The total price of a product is £480 in a shop. What is the price without VAT (VAT 20%).

## Calculating the amount of VAT

The amount of VAT is given by:

where “price” is the price of the product excluding VAT

## VAT calculator

 Price (excluding VAT): Total price (including VAT): VAT rate:

## VAT in different countries

Here is a list of the VAT in different countries.

In some countries there are two VAT rates, which are the standard rate and the reduced rate. The latter often applies for products and services like food, books, medicine, public transport and education.

 Country Standard VAT Rate Reduced VAT rate Australia 10% 0% Belgium 21% 12%, 6% or 0% Bulgaria 20% 7% or 0% Canada 5% 4.5% Cyprus 17% 5% or 8% Denmark 25% Egypt 10% or 15% Finland 24% 14% or 10% France 19.6% 5.5%, 2.1% or 7% Greece 23% 13% or 6.5% Ireland 23% 13.5%, 9%, 4.8% or 0% Island 25.5% 7% Israel 18% 0% Italy 22% 10% or 4% Japan 5% Canary Islands 7% 3% or 0% People's Republic of China 17% 13%, 6% or 3% Netherlands (Holland) 21% 6% or 0% Norway 25% 15%, 8% or 0% Poland 23% 8%, 5% or 0% Portugal 23% 13% or 6% Spain 21% 10% or 4% Sweeden 25% 12%, 6% or 0% Germany 19% 7% or 0% Hungary 27% 18% or 5% United Kingdom 20% 5% or 0% Austria 20% 10%